A high-performance RabbitMQ background processing framework for Ruby.

Sneakers is being used in production for both I/O and CPU intensive workloads, and have achieved the goals of high-performance and 0-maintenance, as designed.

Visit the wiki for complete docs.

Code Quality Rank: L5
Monthly Downloads: 132,823
Programming language: Ruby
License: MIT License
Tags: Queue    
Latest version: v2.12.0

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A high-performance RabbitMQ background processing framework for Ruby.

Sneakers is being used in production for both I/O and CPU intensive workloads, and have achieved the goals of high-performance and 0-maintenance, as designed.


Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'sneakers'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install sneakers


A quick start guide is available in the section below.

Visit the wiki for more detailed documentation and GitHub releases for release notes.

A [change log](./ChangeLog.md) is also available.

Quick start

Set up a Gemfile

source 'https://rubygems.org'
gem 'sneakers'
gem 'json'
gem 'redis'

How do we add a worker? Firstly create a file and name it as boot.rb then create a worker named as Processor.

touch boot.rb

require 'sneakers'
require 'redis'
require 'json'

$redis = Redis.new

class Processor
  include Sneakers::Worker
  from_queue :logs

  def work(msg)
    err = JSON.parse(msg)
    if err["type"] == "error"
      $redis.incr "processor:#{err["error"]}"


Let's test it out quickly from the command line:

$ sneakers work Processor --require boot.rb

We just told Sneakers to spawn a worker named Processor, but first --require a file that we dedicate to setting up environment, including workers and what-not.

If you go to your RabbitMQ admin now, you'll see a new queue named logs was created. Push a couple messages like below:

   "type": "error",
   "message": "HALP!",
   "error": "CODE001"

Publish a message with the bunny gem RabbitMQ client:

require 'bunny'

conn = Bunny.new

ch = conn.create_channel
ch.default_exchange.publish({ type: 'error', message: 'HALP!', error: 'CODE001' }.to_json, routing_key: 'logs')


And this is the output you should see at your terminal.

2013-10-11T19:26:36Z p-4718 t-ovqgyb31o DEBUG: [worker-logs:1:213mmy][#<Thread:0x007fae6b05cc58>][logs][{:prefetch=>10, :durable=>true, :ack=>true, :heartbeat_interval=>2, :exchange=>"sneakers"}] Working off: log log
2013-10-11T19:26:36Z p-4718 t-ovqgyrxu4 INFO: log log
2013-10-11T19:26:40Z p-4719 t-ovqgyb364 DEBUG: [worker-logs:1:h23iit][#<Thread:0x007fae6b05cd98>][logs][{:prefetch=>10, :durable=>true, :ack=>true, :heartbeat_interval=>2, :exchange=>"sneakers"}] Working off: log log
2013-10-11T19:26:40Z p-4719 t-ovqgyrx8g INFO: log log

We'll count errors and error types with Redis.

$ redis-cli monitor
1381520329.888581 [0] "incr" "processor:CODE001"

We're basically done with the ceremonies and all is left is to do some real work.

Looking at metrics

Let's use the logging_metrics provider just for the sake of fun of seeing the metrics as they happen.

# boot.rb
require 'sneakers'
require 'redis'
require 'json'
require 'sneakers/metrics/logging_metrics'
Sneakers.configure(metrics: Sneakers::Metrics::LoggingMetrics.new)

# ... rest of code

Now push a message again and you'll see:

2013-10-11T19:44:37Z p-9219 t-oxh8owywg INFO: INC: work.Processor.started
2013-10-11T19:44:37Z p-9219 t-oxh8owywg INFO: TIME: work.Processor.time 0.00242
2013-10-11T19:44:37Z p-9219 t-oxh8owywg INFO: INC: work.Processor.handled.ack

Which increments started and handled.ack, and times the work unit.

From here, you can continue over to the Wiki


If you use Docker, there's some benefits to be had and you can use both docker and docker-compose with this project, in order to run tests, integration tests or a sample worker without setting up RabbitMQ or the environment needed locally on your development box.

  • To build a container run docker build . -t sneakers_sneakers
  • To run non-integration tests within a docker container, run docker run --rm sneakers_sneakers:latest
  • To run full integration tests within a docker topology including RabbitMQ, Redis (for integration worker) run scripts/local_integration, which will use docker-compose to orchestrate the topology and the sneakers Docker image to run the tests
  • To run a sample worker within Docker, try the TitleScraper example by running script/local_worker. This will use docker-compose as well. It will also help you get a feeling for how to run Sneakers in a Docker based production environment
  • Use Dockerfile.slim instead of Dockerfile for production docker builds. It generates a more compact image, while the "regular" Dockerfile generates a fatter image - yet faster to iterate when developing


  • Sneakers 2.7.x and later (using Bunny 2.9) - Ruby 2.2.x
  • Sneakers 1.1.x and later (using Bunny 2.x) - Ruby 2.x
  • Sneakers 1.x.x and earlier - Ruby 1.9.x, 2.x


Fork, implement, add tests, pull request, get my everlasting thanks and a respectable place here :).


To all Sneakers Contributors - you make this happen, thanks!


Copyright (c) 2015-2018 Dotan Nahum @jondot. See [LICENSE](LICENSE.txt) for further details.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Sneakers README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.