Popularity
5.9
Growing
Activity
4.9
Declining
1,047
17
66

Description

Slop is a simple option parser with an easy to remember syntax and friendly API.

Version 4 of Slop is aimed at Ruby 2.0 or later. Please use Version 3 for Ruby 1.9 support.

Code Quality Rank: L5
Monthly Downloads: 923,535
Programming language: Ruby
License: MIT License
Tags: CLI Builder    
Latest version: v4.8.2

Slop alternatives and similar gems

Based on the "CLI Builder" category

Do you think we are missing an alternative of Slop or a related project?

Add another 'CLI Builder' Gem

README

Slop

Slop is a simple option parser with an easy to remember syntax and friendly API.

Build Status

Installation

gem install slop

Usage

opts = Slop.parse do |o|
  o.string '-h', '--host', 'a hostname'
  o.integer '--port', 'custom port', default: 80
  o.string '-l', '--login', required: true
  o.bool '-v', '--verbose', 'enable verbose mode'
  o.bool '-q', '--quiet', 'suppress output (quiet mode)'
  o.bool '-c', '--check-ssl-certificate', 'check SSL certificate for host'
  o.on '--version', 'print the version' do
    puts Slop::VERSION
    exit
  end
end

ARGV #=> -v --login alice --host 192.168.0.1 --check-ssl-certificate

opts[:host]                 #=> 192.168.0.1
opts[:login]                #=> alice
opts.verbose?               #=> true
opts.quiet?                 #=> false
opts.check_ssl_certificate? #=> true

opts.to_hash  #=> { host: "192.168.0.1", login: "alice", port: 80, verbose: true, quiet: false, check_ssl_certificate: true }

Note that the block we've added to the --version flag will be executed during parse time. Therefore these blocks should be reserved for immediately reacting to the presence of a flag. If you want to access other options or mutate values, check out the "Custom option types" section below and implement the #finish method.

Option types

Built in Option types are as follows:

o.string  #=> Slop::StringOption, expects an argument
o.bool    #=> Slop::BoolOption, no argument, aliased to BooleanOption
o.integer #=> Slop::IntegerOption, expects an argument, aliased to IntOption
o.float   #=> Slop::FloatOption, expects an argument
o.array   #=> Slop::ArrayOption, expects an argument
o.regexp  #=> Slop::RegexpOption, expects an argument
o.null    #=> Slop::NullOption, no argument and ignored from `to_hash`
o.on      #=> alias for o.null

You can see all built in types in slop/types.rb. Suggestions or pull requests for more types are welcome.

Advanced Usage

This example is really just to describe how the underlying API works. It's not necessarily the best way to do it.

opts = Slop::Options.new
opts.banner = "usage: connect [options] ..."
opts.separator ""
opts.separator "Connection options:"
opts.string "-H", "--hostname", "a hostname"
opts.int "-p", "--port", "a port", default: 80
opts.separator ""
opts.separator "Extra options:"
opts.array "--files", "a list of files to import"
opts.bool "-v", "--verbose", "enable verbose mode", default: true

parser = Slop::Parser.new(opts)
result = parser.parse(["--hostname", "192.168.0.1", "--no-verbose"])

result.to_hash #=> { hostname: "192.168.0.1", port: 80,
                 #     files: [], verbose: false }

puts opts # prints out help

Arguments

It's common to want to retrieve an array of arguments that were not processed by the parser (i.e options or consumed arguments). You can do that with the Result#arguments method:

args = %w(connect --host google.com GET)
opts = Slop.parse args do |o|
  o.string '--host'
end

p opts.arguments #=> ["connect", "GET"] # also aliased to `args`

This is particularly useful when writing scripts with ARGF:

opts = Slop.parse do |blah|
  # ...
end

# make sure sloptions aren't consumed by ARGF
ARGV.replace opts.arguments

ARGF.each { |line|
  # ...
}

Arrays

Slop has a built in ArrayOption for handling array values:

opts = Slop.parse do |o|
  # the delimiter defaults to ','
  o.array '--files', 'a list of files', delimiter: ','
end

# both of these will return o[:files] as ["foo.txt", "bar.rb"]:
# --files foo.txt,bar.rb
# --files foo.txt --files bar.rb

If you want to disable the built-in string-splitting, set the delimiter to nil.

Custom option types

Slop uses option type classes for every new option added. They default to the NullOption. When you type o.array Slop looks for an option called Slop::ArrayOption. This class must contain at least 1 method, call. This method is executed at parse time, and the return value of this method is used for the option value. We can use this to build custom option types:

module Slop
  class PathOption < Option
    def call(value)
      Pathname.new(value)
    end
  end
end

opts = Slop.parse %w(--path ~/) do |o|
  o.path '--path', 'a custom path name'
end

p opts[:path] #=> #<Pathname:~/>

Custom options can also implement a finish method. This method by default does nothing, but it's executed once all options have been parsed. This allows us to go back and mutate state without having to rely on options being parsed in a particular order. Here's an example:

module Slop
  class FilesOption < ArrayOption
    def finish(opts)
      if opts.expand?
        self.value = value.map { |f| File.expand_path(f) }
      end
    end
  end
end

opts = Slop.parse %w(--files foo.txt,bar.rb -e) do |o|
  o.files '--files', 'an array of files'
  o.bool '-e', '--expand', 'if used, list of files will be expanded'
end

p opts[:files] #=> ["/full/path/foo.txt", "/full/path/bar.rb"]

Errors

Slop will raise errors for the following:

  • An option used without an argument when it expects one: Slop::MissingArgument
  • An option used that Slop doesn't know about: Slop::UnknownOption
  • An option marked as required when not provided: Slop::MissingRequiredOption

These errors inherit from Slop::Error, so you can rescue them all. Alternatively you can suppress these errors with the suppress_errors config option:

opts = Slop.parse suppress_errors: true do
  o.string '-name'
end

# or per option:

opts = Slop.parse do
  o.string '-host', suppress_errors: true
  o.int '-port'
end

Printing help

The return value of Slop.parse is a Slop::Result which provides a nice help string to display your options. Just puts opts or call opts.to_s:

opts = Slop.parse do |o|
  o.string '-h', '--host', 'hostname'
  o.int '-p', '--port', 'port (default: 80)', default: 80
  o.string '--username'
  o.separator ''
  o.separator 'other options:'
  o.bool '--quiet', 'suppress output'
  o.on '-v', '--version' do
    puts "1.1.1"
  end
end

puts opts

Output:

% ruby run.rb
usage: run.rb [options]
    -h, --host     hostname
    -p, --port     port (default: 80)
    --username

other options:
    --quiet        suppress output
    -v, --version

This method takes an optional prefix value, which defaults to " " * 4:

puts opts.to_s(prefix: "  ")

It'll deal with aligning your descriptions according to the longest option flag.

Here's an example of adding your own help option:

o.on '--help' do
  puts o
  exit
end

Commands

Slop not longer has built in support for git-style subcommands.